The longest and highest mountain range in all of Europe is the fascinating Alps. They spread across eight countries. The highest peak - Mont Blanc, is located in the Western Alps, its height is 4810 m. The length of the mountain range is 50 km. Mont Blanc separates France and Italy.
This snowy peak separating France and Italy, beckons all mountaineers and travelers to plunge into the pure and perfect beauty of the Alps. On the Italian side the mountains are rocky and steep, while on the French side they are more gentle and smooth. Numerous glaciers slowly slide down and carve the slopes. In Merle Park, located in a valley at the foot of the French Alps, you can see ibex, llamas, spotted deer, mouflon and marmots in their natural habitat.
History of the first ascent
The first ascent of Mont Blanc gave birth to mountaineering as a new outdoor activity. The first conquerors of Mont Blanc were 29-year-old medic Michel Gabriel Paccard and 24-year-old guide Jacques Balma. This truly momentous event, which has gone down in history as the official mountaineer's day, took place on August 8, 1786. Near the foot of the mountain is the small town of Chamonix, where the expedition began. The ascent changed forever the subsequent development of climbing to the summit.
Features of the ski vacation
As noted, Mont Blanc separates France and Italy. At the foot of the mountain in both countries spread out ski resorts, which each year open their arms to all who wish to conquer the top. One of the most popular is the French resort of Chamonix-Mont-Blanc. It is impossible to climb the cable car to the top of the mountain. The cable car leads to the intermediate stop of the Plan de Egyuil 2,354 meters high. This is often the starting point for off-piste skiing and snowboarding enthusiasts. The final station is located at an altitude of 3,842 m, which can be reached by an elevator located in the rock.
Another way to enjoy a panoramic view of the Alpine mountains is the Mont Blanc tramway, which rises to an altitude of 2372 meters. There is also a railroad through the mountain, which takes you to the station above the Mer de Glace glacier.
In the warm season, the resort offers hiking and biking, for which there are special routes.
And in the village of Chamonix is the Alpine Museum, whose objects tell the history of the valley. There are exhibits related to cartography, the history of mountaineering and mineralogy.